In 1979, in a secluded valley, on the spot of a small Bashkir village of Kuz Yelga, the construction of the most mysterious object of the USSR, which even now knows people, began to prefer not to spread.
By the way, this is a very good tradition, we will not break it!
I was interested in another.
The construction of a facility of this scale demanded significant material and, first of all, human resources. At the peak of construction in the city, more than 23 thousand people lived.
Naturally, they needed to live somewhere. Tents with green enders in such a climate bad helpers. Snow can fall in September, and only melts for May month — no wonder this territory is equated to the extreme north. Workers received 1.7 times a large salary, and the servicemen paid the field money.
To the very bad climate was added and so far such «integral forest gifts» as rains are added (if the cloud clings to the top of a bad mountain, then we can water the weeks), desperate dampness, mosquitoes, wheels and blind.
Well, wolves, lynx and bears — in such wilderness, granted «gifts». The foreigners of the town, throwing off the table of the tent, could easily meet the nose to the nose with Kosolapi, who decided to dine the fact that the Communist Party sent. Even now on the heating races calmly spend the night.
To build more or less normal housing was needed to the maximum short time. You understand the luxurious cottages from brick or log cabins from the rounded logs will not quickly build. The only way out was a frame house-building.
Of course, it would be possible to recall the experience of Stalin’s barracks, Mazanka and other erzation buildings, but for the unique situation they did not fit. Zeks for the construction of the village were not attracted. For urgent settlement of builders, personnel, military and their families, several dozen framework houses produced by one Finnish company were purchased.
Finns were glad to a large order for which they were well calculated by imported dennaunas, and in the agreed period provided everything you need: Faneru, insulation, film, puzzle and calibrated lumber, protective films, roofing.
The household complex, with full compliance with the installation technology, was given a warranty of 100 years.
In the rapid deadlines, all the household complexes were transported to the Ural Taiga and solemnly awarded builders with the words:
At the assembly of one house, designed for 16 families, according to the Finnish project, it was supposed to leave 1 to 2 weeks. Our builders, forces of one brigade and with the help of friends (really built by the whole world), managed to build one house for 2 days!
If the Finns were seen with their own eyes with their own eyes, they moved exactly, and asked the world’s first building asylum.
Houses grew like mushrooms after the rain.
Over the week, whole streets grew. Workers were filled with families, celebrated the housewarming, lived, worked and rejoiced. For that time, it was a breakthrough: in the shortest possible time, people moved from tents to a well-maintained housing.
According to memories of the foremostroids at home were very warm. It was possible to calmly walk along the floor without slippers and even without socks. The houses had warm entrances, where they held the festivities, celebrated the solemn dates, in particularly tall frosts, children did not go outside, and ran straight on the entrance — so it was warm.
It took 40 years, no one else lives in these houses — they all sewered. By decision of the municipalities, they are exposed to auction and sell under the analysis. Who has the opportunity, buys materials at a residual value — from 60 to 200 thousand for the house.
In many houses, especially where the bathrooms and cuisine are located, overlaps collapsed, traces of mold and rotting are observed. But where there was no leakage from the roof, high humidity in the rooms, boards and insulation as new.
It should be understood that the skewers are demanding of the quality of materials and installation. The slightest violation reduces the service life of the frame home is not even at times, but ten times.
In general, such houses for a rather harsh Ural climate, without increased loads from a large number of people, can be considered as a full housing for 50 years or more. In my opinion, at the modern level of materials, the right installation, competent ventilation, on the capital foundation of its 70-80 years, the house will simply.
Maybe even more. Just need?